Water Sector Policy Overview
Water sector development in Tanzania was governed by the 1991 National Water Policy, until the new 2002 National Water Policy entered into force. One of the main developments that took place in national water policy during the decade between these two policies was that the framework for planning, investment and operations and management changed. In 1991 the central government was given the mandate to be the sole investor, implementer and manager of projects, in rural as well as in urban areas.
The 2002 policy, on the other hand, has as an objective to develop a framework for beneficiary participation in planning, construction, operation, maintenance and management. Also, a framework for sustainable development and management of water resources has been integrated into the policy.
The 1991 National Water Policy set a goal of providing clean and safe water to the population within 400 meters of their households by 2002. By 2002, however, only about 50% of the rural population and 70% of the urban population had access to reliable water supply services. Furthermore, due to poor operations and management, over 30% of rural water schemes are not functioning properly.Attachment: